6 ways you can lose your Spanish nationality

Do you know you can lose your Spanish nationality through various means. Has anyone ever told you that? Well, there are ways you can lose your Spanish nationality. Please take note so you do not have to go through the vigorous means of getting it back. Below are 6 ways you can loose your Spanish nationality.

  1. By self Will: when you acquire foreign nationality.
  2. By still using the passport or nationality of an alien country you have renounced on oath.
  3. By consequence of a certain legal situation be it civil or criminal.
  4. By entering the service of arms or holding public office in a foreign country.
  5. By misrepresentation, concealment, fraud, you can lose your Spanish nationality.
  6. Loss due to marriage (i.e.  a Spanish woman who marries a foreigner and gains his nationality automatically losses the Spanish nationality unless the spouse is that of the Ibero-American and Philippine people, but on grounds of divorce or dissolved separation, she can regain the nationality back).


You can regain a lost Spanish nationality by the following:

  1. Being a legal resident in Spain (this does not apply to emigrants or children of emigrants)
  2. By declaring before the Civil Registry (Registro Civil) of your intention of recovering the Spanish citizenship and you must register the recovery at the Civil Registry.

The Spanish Government only has the prior authorization to grant discretionally recovery of Spanish Citizenship.


Only countries of the Ibero-American States and the Philippines share dual nationality with Spain. The Ibero- American countries include Andorra, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Uruguay, and Venezuela.


  1. Agencia Estatal – Jefatura del Estado. (1954). Ley de 15 de julio de 1954 por la que se reforma el Titulo Primero del Libro Primero del Código Civil, denominado “De los españoles y extranjeros”. (pp. Páginas 4831 a 4834 (4 págs.).
  2. Ministerio de Justicia. Spanish Civil Code (2016). Madrid.

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